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56. Structural Macroeconomic Model of Slovakia (september 2021)

We estimate a structural econometric model of the Slovak economy that is suitable for both macroeconomic forecasts and simulations. Furthermore, we enrich the model by a fiscal block and make it applicable also for a policy analysis. We thus aim to find a trade-off between simplicity and accuracy for forecasting purposes and a detailed  structure for a policy analysis. The model is then based on error correction equations to incorporate both long-run development of model variables that are consistent with a macroeconomic theory and short-run dynamics of model variables that are estimated from historical data. Furthermore, we present impulse response functions for a set of macroeconomic and fiscal shocks as well as implied fiscal multipliers to evaluate different consolidation scenarios. The most negative outcome results from an increase in taxation of corporates and employees that suppress not only actual but also potential output in the domestic economy. On the other hand, the most favourable outcome  results from an increase in taxation of consumption in a short horizon and a decline in consumption of government in a medium horizon.